Duchenne muscular dystrophy

What is duchenne muscular dystrophy?
  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is one of a group of muscular dystrophies characterized by the enlargement of muscles.
  • DMD is one of the most prevalent types of muscular dystrophy and is characterized by rapid progression of muscle degeneration that occurs early in life.

Who discovered the duchenne muscular dystrophy?
  • It is named after a French neurologist Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne (1806-1875), who first described the disease in the 1860s.

Gene information
  • Mostly affects boys (rarely girls).
  • Often brothers or male relatives have same problem.
  • Problem gets steadily worse over the next several years.
  • Muscle weakness first affects feet, fronts of thighs, hips, belly, shoulders, and elbows. Later, it affects hands, face, and neck muscles.
  • Most children become unable to walk by age 10.
  • May develop a sever
  • The Disease is X linked
Symptoms and Treatments
  • First signs appear around ages 3 to 5: the child may seem awkward or clumsy, or he begins to walk ‘tiptoe’ because he cannot put his feet flat. Runs strangely. Falls often.
  • NO CURES! but there is physical therapy